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“Serious failures” at three residential special schools registered as children’s homes

A report investigating allegations of abuse at residential homes for disabled children demands urgent action to protect those in similar circumstances.

27/10/22

“Serious failures” at three residential special schools registered as children’s homes

A national review into safeguarding children with disabilities and complex health needs has revealed serious failures at three residential special schools registered as children’s homes.

The report shows a culture of abuse and harm, including evidence of physical abuse and violence, neglect, emotional abuse and sexual harm. There was also evidence that medication was misused and maladministered, an over-use of restraints, and unsafe and inappropriate use of temporary confinement.

The children affected were placed at these homes from 55 local authorities across the country and there is a complex abuse investigation underway by the Doncaster Safeguarding Partnership, as well as a concurrent criminal investigation by South Yorkshire Police.

Given the severity of the allegations and evidence uncovered, the Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel has issued an urgent action to all local authorities to ensure all children with complex needs and disabilities currently living in similar children’s homes are safe and well.

Panel Chair, Annie Hudson said the national review seeks to make sense of how and why a significant number of children with disabilities and complex needs came to suffer very serious abuse and neglect whilst living in three privately provided residential settings.

“Our evidence shows that the system of checks and balances which should have detected that things were going wrong simply did not work.

“While there are many skilled professionals who work with children with disabilities, we are concerned that these are not isolated incidents. That’s why we have asked all local authorities and Ofsted to take urgent action to ensure all children living in similar circumstances are safe and well.”

While the complex abuse investigation will hold to account those directly involved in the harm of these children, the national review found that the safety net that should have identified and responded to this abuse failed to act on concerns.

The phase one report sets out that Ofsted had received a number of complaints dating back to at least 2015, expressing concerns over staffing levels, staff conduct and possible abuse of the children. These complaints had prompted additional monitoring visits and an emergency inspection, but the review has found these were insufficient as both settings had been judged ‘Good’ by Ofsted at the most recent inspection visit. In light of the most recent allegations, Ofsted conducted emergency inspections of the settings in March 2021 and notices of suspension of the service were served.

Additionally, local authorities and partner agencies placing children at these homes put great reliance on the reports provided by the settings despite professionals in different roles having separate information indicating concerns. The processes in place for bringing together information from a range of sources to analyse the pattern of safeguarding concerns was not effective.

Lead Panel Member for the Review, Dr Susan Tranter, said: “Children with disabilities and complex health needs are some of the most vulnerable in our society but they are too often overlooked and forgotten.
“Following allegations that a significant number of children who were living far away from home, often with limited communication skills, were trapped in settings where systemic and sustained abuse was inflicted with no respite, we spoke to those responsible for placing the children in these settings and for checking on their welfare to understand exactly what went wrong.”
“It is clear to us that the standards of practice in care are failing to meet the needs of children with complex needs.”

To address these weaknesses, the Panel has requested local authorities and Ofsted to undertake urgent action, including reviewing complaints and concerns relating to the workforce in each individual residential special school registered as a children’s home over the last three years. It also recommended that Ofsted conduct an “immediate analysis” of their evidence around workforce sufficiency.

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